alcoholism clinical and experimental research
Alcoholism: disease symptoms
Doctors note that the pathological dependence caused by ethyl alcohol at men develops more often than at women. Intoxication causes disturbances of work of all systems of an organism of patients. Constant intoxication leads to forming of serious changes, a human body. The alcoholic disease is dangerous by pathology. Demanding prolonged treatment. At people with this inclination to alcohol. Psychopathic disturbances and pathologies of internals are observed. These disturbances caused by long consumption of alcohol-containing drinks in large numbers.
The alcoholic disease makes two main pathological impacts on a human body, suffering from dependence:
- Narcotic effect
- Toxic influence of alcohol on bodies and systems
On progress of a disease, the frequency and volume of the used spirits liquids influences. It is necessary to consider at the same time specific features of an organism. Some people are subject more others to development of dependence:
- In view of a specific environment
- Mental predisposition
- Emotional state
- High suggestibility
- Constant fear
- Genetic predisposition
The dependence of forming of addiction to ethanol on a gene mutation is established. This gene the coding transferring serotonin of squirrels. Doctors note that according to the statistics. Direct relatives of the alcoholic 7-10 times more often to consumption of alcoholic drinks. Than people in who family were not the drinking members.
Excessive and constant alcohol intake breaks work of all systems of a human body. At patients with alcohol addiction, diagnose pathologies of internals:
- Heart diseases
- Change of function of a liver
- Change of function of a stomach
- Change of function of kidneys
- In hard cases cirrhosis develops
- Chronic hepatitis
Ethyl alcohol negatively influences heart, causing a heart attack a myocardium. The alcohol abuse leads to irreversible changes of work of a brain and mental dependence on this substance, emotional differences.
To reach a condition of euphoria, the organism needs a high dose of alcohol. The high dose of alcohol, the system of an organism is not capable to be removed without complications. The person increases an alcohol dose, and intoxication becomes more severe. Psycho emotionaloverstrain or long development of certain frustration:
- Psychopathic pathologies
Minors are very subject to destructive influence of alcohol. At them the addiction develops approximately in five years.
Chronic pathologies of internals. Disturbance of release of waste products and a disease of a system of digestion contributes to the development of dependence. Stress or excessive physical tension. Replacement of good rest with short breaks. Are the reasons of emergence of dependence on caffeine, nicotine and alcohol.
Alcohol intake in large numbers leads to irreversible changes of work of a brain and mental dependence on this substance, emotional differences. Ethyl alcohol negatively influences heart, causing a heart attack a myocardium. Excessive and constant alcohol intake breaks work of all systems. Often diagnose pathologies of internals for such patients: heart diseases, change of function of a liver, stomach, kidneys, in hard cases cirrhosis and chronic hepatitis develops.
All this increases risks of the person on forming of dependence. Treatment of a disease depends on a stage of addiction and a mental condition of the patient.
The people drinking seldom and moderately have no alcoholism.
Disease stages through which there goes a person with alcohol addiction.
The dependence on alcoholic drinks develops gradually. It is necessary to allocate all stages through which there goes a person with alcohol addiction:
The person at the first stage gradually increases the drunk dose. Loses control over itself and is too forward. The patient can overcome desire to drink hardly. The patient understands that he excessively pulls him to alcoholic drinks. But cannot independently overcome thirst for alcohol. Therapy of the patient at the first stage of dependence is often successful.
The second stage of addiction allocate an abstinence syndrome, this desire to continue next day after excessive alcohol intake. At the patient resistance to small doses therefore he begins to take too many hard liquors, for a short time develops. At the patient insomnia, irritability, aggression, alcoholic encephalopathy, amnesia is observed. After toxic influence of alcohol some people have an emetic reflex.
Alcoholic deterioration at the third stage amplifies, intoxication leads to chronic intoxication of an organism. This stage of alcoholism is shown by heavy signs. Serious changes in all internal systems are observed, and his personality degrades. Disturbance of the speech, thinking are observed, the intelligence owing to destruction of a brain goes down. Long hard drinkings can be replaced by short breaks. A recurrence of alcoholic intoxication is postponed very hard. This form of intoxication often comes to an end with death.
Pilot studies of alcoholic mental frustration
Treatment of alcohol addiction — process long and difficult. The person has to decide on passing of rehabilitation and full refusal of alcohol finally. It is difficult to make it. There is a set of ways of treatment of alcoholism. To doctors it is hard to say what of them the most effective. A certain method is suitable for each person. The organism is individual and differently reacts to changes.
Many dependent people, refuse and do not want to undergo rehabilitation. By means of the psychologist and other specialists it is possible to make it. Before an initiation of treatment with the patient the discussion is led. The patient completely is examined on availability of possible diseases. The psychologist prepares the patient for the forthcoming process. You managed to persuade the alcoholic to begin treatment, it is impossible to hesitate minute. It is necessary to place it in clinic at once or to send for consultation with the psychotherapist.
The modern medicine includes effective old and new methods of treatment of alcoholism.
Active treatment of alcohol addiction is a need to normalize the exchange processes broken by a disease in an organism – carbohydrate metabolism. To remove insuperable inclination to consumption of alcohol. To clean from alcohol half-decay products:
- Acetic aldehydes
- Ketonic bodies
To restore internal injuries from an alcohol abuse. To restore functions of a brain. There is a psychotherapeutic work on development of criticism to a disease, to thirst for alcohol, work with the patient's environment.
The aspiration to alcohol, characteristic of an abstinence syndrome, apparently, is connected not only with its euphoric action, but also inclusion in energy metabolism while use of carbohydrates, proteins, fats is complicated.